Offshore green ammonia synthesis


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Sep 13, 2023

Offshore green ammonia synthesis

Nature Synthesis (2023)Cite

Nature Synthesis (2023)Cite this article

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The global potential for renewable energy production far exceeds global energy demand. However, the accessibility of renewable energy is constrained by existing land use, the need to preserve protected areas and the costs associated with transporting energy over large distances. As a consequence, finite renewable energy capacity must be carefully matched to appropriate end uses. In this Perspective, we advocate the production of green ammonia on the ocean to address this policy challenge: local renewables should be used to generate electricity with high efficiency, whereas comparatively low-efficiency chemical energy storage in the form of ammonia should occur further away from energy consumers and be transported at relatively low costs. We describe the synthesis processes to be adopted, the techno-economic basis for this resource allocation, and the technical developments required that can enable this energy system to be established.

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This work was supported financially by the Rhodes Trust.

Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Nicholas Salmon & René Bañares-Alcántara

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Both authors contributed to the conceptualization of the research. N.S. performed the analysis and led the writing of the manuscript. R.B.-A. provided input and helped to write the manuscript.

Correspondence to René Bañares-Alcántara.

The authors declare no competing interests.

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Salmon, N., Bañares-Alcántara, R. Offshore green ammonia synthesis. Nat. Synth (2023).

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Received: 06 November 2022

Accepted: 31 March 2023

Published: 01 June 2023


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